1. This policy provides an overview of how Century Securities executes orders on behalf of clients, the factors that can affect the timing of execution and the way in which market volatility plays a part in handling orders when buying or selling stocks/ financial instrument.
2. This policy applies to Century execution of orders on behalf of retail clients and professional clients as defined by the Rules.
3. Where Century provides a quote to a client or negotiates the terms of an Over-the-Counter ("OTC") transaction with Century Securities as counterparty; the firm will normally not be acting on the client's behalf. In these situations, Century Securities will not owe a duty of best execution under the Rules, and this policy will therefore not apply. This policy does not create any obligation on Century Securities that it does not have under the Rules.
Upon acceptance of a client order and when there is no specific client instruction regarding the execution method, Century Securities will execute an order in accordance with this policy.
This policy applies to financial instruments and products as defined by the Rules, including Stocks, Bonds, Exchange Traded Funds ("ETFs")
5. When executing orders Century Securities will take all reasonable steps to obtain the best possible result under the circumstances for the client taking into account price, costs, speed, likelihood of execution and settlement, size, nature or any other consideration relevant to the execution of the order ("Best Execution").
When considering the best executing factors, Century Securities takes into account:
- The characteristics of the client order
- The characteristics of the financial instruments that are subject to that order (in particular in relation to OTC financial instruments)
- The characteristics of the execution venues to which that order can be directed
7. When Century Securities executes orders on behalf of retail a client, Best Execution is determined on the basis of the total consideration paid by the client, unless the objective of execution of the order dictates otherwise.
8. Whenever there is a specific instruction from or on behalf of a client; Century Securities will to the extent possible execute the order in accordance with the specific instruction. A specific instruction from a client may prevent Century Securities from taking the steps that it has described in this policy to obtain the best possible result for the execution of orders. Trading rules for specific markets may prevent Century Securities from following certain of the client's instructions. To the extent that a client instruction is not complete, the firm will determine any non- specified components of the execution in accordance with this policy.
ELEMENTS OF BEST EXECUTION
The procedure for routing determinations is mainly based on four criteria and is regularly reviewed by Century Securities. Hence to determine the best way to execute an order for a client the firm takes into consideration:
1. Speed and Likelihood of the Execution:
Due to the levels of volatility affecting both price and volume, Century Securities seeks to provide client orders with the fastest execution reasonably possible although delays may occur.
2. Price Improvement and Overall Consideration of Costs:
Orders are routed to market makers and/or market centres where opportunities for price improvement exist. The criteria to be used by other market-makers and/or market centres include:
- Automatically matching incoming market and limit orders to pending limit orders
- Crossing transactions where price improvement can be offered to one or both sides of the trade
3. Size Improvement:
n routing orders, Century Securities seeks markets that provide the greatest liquidity and thus potential for execution of large orders. Century Securities also seeks opportunities for client orders to benefit from order- size commitments offered by third parties.
4. Overall Execution Quality:
When determining how and where to route or execute an order, Century’s traders draw on extensive day-to-day experience with various markets and market makers, focusing on prompt and reliable execution.
EXECUTIONS OF CLIENT ORDERS
a. Century Securities Ltd uses automated systems to route and execute client orders. When a client order is received by the firm, it is routed to the execution venue that Century Securities considers to generally provide the Best Execution or kept in house for products which Century Securities trades against its own proprietary desk (e.g. some OTC products). Century may execute orders outside regulated markets and multilateral trading facilities
b. For instruments admitted to trading and official listing on a regulated market or stock ex- change (i.e. Bonds, Stocks, and ETFs).
EFFECTS ON ORDER EXECUTION
Clients should be aware of the following risks associated with volatile markets, especially at or near the open or close of the standard trading session:
- Execution at a substantially different price from the quoted bid or offer or the last reported sale price at the time of order entry, as well as partial executions or execution of large orders in several transactions at different prices.
- Delays in executing orders for financial instruments that Century Securities must send to external market maker and manually routed or manually executed orders.
- Opening prices that may differ substantially from the previous day’s close.
- Locked (the bid equals the offer) and crossed (the bid is higher than the offer) markets, which prevent the execution of client trades.
- Price volatility is one factor that can affect order execution. When clients place a high volume of orders with brokers, order imbalances and back logs can occur. This implies that more time is needed to execute the pending orders. Such delays are usually caused by the occurrence of different factors:
i. The number and size of orders to be processed,
ii. The speed at which current quotations (or last-sale information) are provided to Century Securities Ltd and other brokerage firms; and iii. The system capacity constraints applicable to the given exchange, as well as to Century Securities and other firms.
TYPES OF ORDERS
A. Market order: With a market order the client instructs a financial institution or trading counterparty to execute a trade of a certain size as promptly as possible at the prevailing market price. Financial institutions are required to execute market orders without regard to price changes. Therefore, if the market price moves significantly during the time it takes to fill a client’s order, the order will most likely be ex- posed to the risk of execution at a price substantially different from the price when the order was entered.
Some Exchanges do not support market orders. If the client places a market order in these markets, Century Securities will automatically translate the order to an aggressive limit order within a certain percentage limit "in the money". It is the clients' own responsibility to checkthe order is traded in the market after order entry. If the client experiences or suspects any errors with his/her order the client should contact Century Securities immediately.
Some of Century’s third party execution brokers may choose to translate market orders on various markets into aggressive limit orders 3 – 5 % in the money. This is often a result of Exchange rules applied to protect clients from "bad fills". Century Securities cannot be held responsible for missing fills due to such translation performed by third party execution brokers.
B. Limit order: With a limit order, the client sets the maximum purchase price, or minimum sale price, at which the trade is to be executed. As a limit order may be entered away from the current market price, it may not be executed immediately. A client that leaves a limit order must be aware that he/she is giving up the certainty of immediate execution in exchange for the expectation of getting an improved price in the future. Limit orders may be routed to an exchange without human intervention.
C. Stop order: Different from a limit order, a stop order allows selling below the current market price or buying above the current market price if the stop price is reached or breached. A stop order is therefore a "sleeping" order until the stop price is reached or breached.
D. Trailing stop order: The trailing stop order is a stop order as described in Section 8.4 but the trailing stop price moves according to parameters set by the client. This way the trailing stop can be used to sell if the price drops more than a specified distance from the highest price traded or to buy if the price trades above a set level from the lowest traded price.
E. Stop Limit Order: A stop limit order is a variation of a stop order as described in Section 8.4 with a lower (higher) limit price to suspend trading if the price falls (rises) too far before the order is filled restricting trading to a predefined price range.
Century Securities will review this policy annually and whenever a material change occurs that affects Century's ability to obtain the best possible result for the execution of client orders.
Century Securities regularly reviews the overall quality of its order executions and its order routing practices, including its order routing vendors and the available exchanges. Century Securities will amend this policy on the basis of such reviews if it considers it to be necessary. Any new policy will be made available on Century Securities’ websites and will be in force as from publication.